The NEW Vehicle Inspection Program

Overview

The ministry is proposing to modernize vehicle inspections by replacing the current
Motor Vehicle Inspection Station (MVIS) program with a contractual model. The Vehicle
Inspection Program will transition to a multi-year contract between the ministry and
service stations/garages offering Emission Inspection Certificates, Safety Standard
Certificates (SSC), Periodic Mandatory Commercial Vehicle Inspection (PMCVI)
Certificates and Structural Inspection Certificates (SIC). Inspection results will be
collected, and the certificate issued in a digital format, streamlining the process and
providing more robust safety inspection data. At this time, safety inspection standards
will not undergo significant changes to components being inspected or the pass criteria,
however, key changes to the delivery of the program are being proposed, including:
• Establishing the inspection requirements through a Directive to stations offering
inspections that will form part of the contractual agreement between the station
and ministry,
• A requirement to have a valid PMCVI inspection result to obtain Commercial
Motor Vehicle (CMV) plate renewals, and
• Integration of emission inspections into the annual safety inspection for diesel
CMVs.
The proposed changes will simplify the light-duty and passenger vehicle registration
process when a SSC or SIC is required. The safety requirements that form the
inspection will remain in keeping with current requirements.
The ministry will integrate the heavy diesel vehicle emission inspections into the annual
commercial vehicle safety inspections. Inspection criteria will continue to align to
standards in the National Safety Code 11, part B along with the inclusion of the Ontario
emission inspection requirements. Successful completion of the inspection will be
required and will be digitally uploaded to support the registration or renewal of licence
plate transactions. Integrating the commercial vehicle safety and emission inspection
processes will create “one test, one result”, streamlining requirements.
Stations interested in providing inspections services will have an opportunity to enter
into a contractual service agreement with the ministry. In early 2022, stations currently
providing emission inspections will need to enter into a service agreement to join the
new program. MVIS’ offering safety inspections will be able to join the new program in
late 2022 and throughout 2023.

The program will become fully digital, increasing the opportunity to collect more detailed
inspection results, vehicle photos and to improve and monitor station performance and
compliance. The new program will require inspection data to be collected via a
dedicated tablet and automatically uploaded so that inspection results are digitally
available for licensing transactions and to on-road enforcement. Stations will no longer
purchase paper-based inspection certificate stock. The inspection result will be a digital
certificate number and usage will be calculated and debited against the stations account
using a Pre-Authorized Debit on a regular basis.

Personal Vehicle Owners

Vehicle owners who require a SSC to facilitate vehicle registration and licensing, will
continue to be able to obtain the required inspection at a participating garage or service
station. The current inspection criteria and “pass” standard identified in the Light Duty
Standard will continue to apply. Upon completion of the inspection, the client’s results
will be digitally uploaded to support registration transactions, eliminating the need to
present a paper copy of the SSC. The inspection results will be valid for a 36-day
period as is the current standard.
Vehicle owners who require a SIC to facilitate vehicle “brand” changes, will continue to
be able to obtain the required inspection at a participating garage. The inspection
criteria and “pass” standard will primarily remain as they are currently, with some
enhancements, including the collection of supporting repair/parts documentation
digitally and supplementing the inspection with photos to evidence key repairs. Upon
completion of the inspection, the client’s results will be digitally uploaded to support
registration transactions, eliminating the need to present a paper copy of the SIC to
have the vehicle “brand” changed.

Commercial Vehicle Owners

Commercial vehicles will continue to be required to pass an annual inspection (PMCVI)
and a semi-annual inspection (for buses) and display evidence (window inspection
sticker). The inspection criteria will not be referenced in Regulation 611 in the new
program but will be captured in the inspection directive issued to vehicle inspection
centres. The inspection criteria will continue to reflect the National Safety Code
Standard 11B. Successful completion of the inspection will be required and will be
digitally uploaded to support the registration or renewal of licence plate transactions.
The ministry is adopting a “one test, one result” approach to safety and emission
inspections for diesel CMVs by integrating the inspections.
Diesel CMVs with a weight less than 6,350kg will continue to require:
• A mandatory On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) test for vehicles with a model year of
2007 and newer, and a smoke opacity test with pass thresholds as follows:
o 20% smoke opacity threshold for vehicles 2008 – 2010
o 30% smoke opacity threshold for vehicles 1991 – 2007
o 40% smoke opacity threshold for vehicles 1990 and older (if vehicle not a
school bus)
o 30% smoke opacity threshold for school buses (1990 and older)
Diesel CMVs with a weight of 6,350kg and more, that are 7 years of age and older, or at
the time of an ownership transfer (all ages), will require the current smoke opacity test:
o 20% smoke opacity threshold for vehicles 2008 – 2010
o 30% smoke opacity threshold for vehicles 1991 – 2007
o 40% smoke opacity threshold for vehicles 1990 and older (if vehicle not a
school bus)
o 30% smoke opacity threshold for school buses (1990 and older)

The ministry is proposing to enhance diesel CMV emission inspection
requirements, by introducing:

• A smoke opacity standard of 10% for all CMV’s 2011 and newer required to
complete the inspection. The smoke opacity threshold will be lowered to 10%
from 20%. This change is reflective of the technology required on these vehicles
which aims to reduce particulate emission close to 0%.
• A NEW advisory OBD inspection for diesel CMV’s with a weight over 6,350 kgs
and with a model year of 2016 and newer.
• Additional visual checks as part of the current annual emissions component
inspection for:
o Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) and Regeneration System
o Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) System

Vehicle Inspection Centres

Stations currently providing MVIS or emissions inspections will be able to apply to the
new inspection program to continue offering inspection service. To join the new
program, stations will be required to enter into a contract with the ministry and will be
required to complete inspections in accordance with issued Directives and follow
Standard Operating Procedures in delivering the program services. Applicants who
have a history of violations in previous programs, have previously been removed or
revoked from a program or are affiliated to such a business enterprise may not be
permitted to obtain a contract with the ministry. As the ministry begins transitioning to
the new program, current stations will be invited to attend information sessions in their
NEW
community or virtually. Stations are not required to attend these sessions, although
extensive information on the design of the new program will be provided.
There will be very few changes to the inspection requirements themselves, however the
process to capture inspection findings will be substantially enhanced through the use of
inspection software. Inspection software will be embedded into the tablets required to
be purchased to participate in the program. In addition to recording inspection data,
technicians will be required to use the tablet to take photos of key items during the
inspection. With the transition to digital inspections, stations will not be required to prepurchase paper-based inspection certificates. In the new program, a digital certificate
will be issued at the conclusion of the inspection and stations will pay for the issued
certificates on a weekly/monthly basis using a Pre-Authorized Debit. Technicians will
continue to apply a PMCVI decal to the vehicle at the conclusion of the inspection.
Technicians who seek program enrollment will be required to:
• Take training on the program requirements, including data collection, photos,
etc., and
• Hold the appropriate Ontario College of Trade qualification, except for emission
inspectors currently certified to perform On-Board Diagnostic and Smoke Opacity
tests.
The new inspection program will introduce an opportunity for mobile safety inspections
where they can be completed in accordance with requirements specified within the
contract, directives or Standard Operating Procedures.

Implementation Timing

MVIS’ currently providing emissions inspections:
• Registration into the new inspection program will begin in March 2022 and
completed by June 30, 2022.
• All emission inspections under the Environmental Protection Act (EPA) will cease
effective July 1, 2022.
MVIS’ currently providing commercial vehicle inspection services (PMCVI/SSC):
• Registration into the new inspection program will begin in late 2022 and continue
until June 2023.
• A MVIS MAY NOT issue PMCVI certificates as of August 1, 2023.
MVIS’ currently providing light duty vehicle inspection services:
• Registration into the new inspection program for stations issuing SSC will begin
in summer 2023 and be complete by October 2023.
• Registration into the new inspection program for stations issuing SIC will begin
and occur between September and November 2023.
• A MVIS MAY NOT issue SSC or SIC as of January 1, 2024

Summary of Consequential Regulatory Changes

Amended Highway Traffic Act regulations:
• 628 to require that a CMV pass an annual or semi-annual inspection before the
vehicle permit is renewed, and various changes consequential to proclamation of
legislation.
• 381/02 to support enforcement against vehicles with emissions control defects.
Officers would be authorized to place vehicles with emissions defects out of
service and to remove their number plates.
• 419/15 to define the term “commercial motor vehicle” for the purpose of the new
vehicle emissions section of the HTA. Offences committed by means of a CMV
are subject to higher fines under the legislation than apply to other motor
vehicles.
• 215/17 to remove references to inspection procedures applicable to low-speed
vehicles being inspected for SSC ; procedures will be addressed in the directive
under the new program.
• 28/16 to remove references to inspection procedures applicable to three-wheeled
vehicles being inspected for SSC; procedures will be addressed in the directive.
• 316/03 governing off-road vehicles to add windshield requirements while
removing the cross reference to windshield requirements in Regulation 611, as
that regulation is being revoked.
• 376/02 governing vehicles branded after a collision to limit vehicle brand change
review requests, remove references to MVIS, and update with various
housekeeping changes.
• 199/07 – amendments consequential to Reg 611 amendments.
• 73/94 under the Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR), 1993 to require the posting
on the EBR Registry of proposed amendments by MTO to its new vehicle
emissions regulation.
Amend Regulation 950 under the Provincial Offences Act by adding short form
offence wordings for new vehicle emissions offences under the HTA, updating
existing wordings, and revoking wordings for HTA and EPA offences.

Repealed regulations:

• Revocation of HTA Regulation 601 that addresses the licensing of MVIS.
• Revocation of provisions of the HTA Regulation 611 that set inspection
procedures to be performed by MVIS.
• Revoking Regulation 457/19 that governs vehicles emissions and emissions
testing under the EPA.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *